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“熱射病致死”上熱搜!熱射病是什么?該如何急救?

來源:中國日報網 編輯:sophie ?  可可英語APP下載 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet

Record-breaking temperatures have been logged across China, scorching many parts of the country.

截至12日20:30,全國57地發布高溫紅色預警,浙江、江蘇、四川、安徽等多地最高溫超過40℃。

This week, several people died due to heatstroke in Zhejiang province, which has recorded temperature over 40 degree Celsius.

Authorities in Zhejiang had released 10 red warnings for heat-the highest warning level in the local four-tier system-for July by Sunday, breaking the record over the same period in previous years.

據澎湃新聞報道,過去一周浙江持續高溫,記者從浙江多家醫院了解到,近日連續有中暑患者送醫,多人確診熱射病并已有死亡病例。

heatstroke/sunstroke

熱射病即重度中暑

An obvious sign is excessive sweating, as well as feeling very hot and unwell with it.

通常表現為大汗淋漓,感覺十分熱并引發不適

a headache

頭痛

dizziness and confusion

頭暈、恍惚

loss of appetite and feeling sick

食欲不振、惡心

cramps in the arms, legs and stomach

手臂、腿和胃抽搐

fast breathing or pulse

呼吸、脈搏加速

a temperature of 38℃ or above

體溫達38℃及以上

being very thirsty

非??诳?/p>

get them to rest in a cool place - such as a room with air conditioning or somewhere in the shade

轉移到涼爽的環境中休息,比如空調房或陰涼處

remove any unnecessary clothing, to expose as much of their skin as possible

脫去多余衣物,盡可能多地暴露皮膚

cool their skin - use whatever you have available, a cool, wet sponge or flannel, spray water, cold packs around the neck and armpits, or wrap them in a cool, wet sheet

皮膚物理降溫——用濕的涼海綿或絨布,放置在患者頸側和腋下周圍降溫,或者用濕的涼布單包裹

fan their skin while it is moist - this will help the water to evaporate, which will help their skin cool down

若皮膚濕潤,可用扇子扇風,加速水分蒸發而降溫

get them to drink water - sports or rehydration drinks are fine too

多喝水——運動或補液飲料也可以

feeling unwell after 30 minutes of resting in a cool place and drinking plenty of water

在通風陰涼的環境中休息30分鐘且大量飲水后,仍感到不適

not sweating even while feeling too hot

覺得很熱但不出汗

a temperature of 40C or above

體溫達到40℃或以上

fast breathing or shortness of breath

呼吸急促、氣喘

feeling confused

神志恍惚

a fit (seizure)

驚厥

loss of consciousness

意識喪失

not responsive

沒有反應

(來源:中國日報雙語新聞微信 編輯:陳月華)

本文轉載自中國日報網,如有侵權,請聯系我們刪除。

重點單詞   查看全部解釋    
expose [ik'spəuz]

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vt. 揭露,使暴露,使曝光,使面臨

聯想記憶
consciousness ['kɔnʃəsnis]

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n. 意識,知覺,自覺,覺悟

聯想記憶
minutes ['minits]

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n. 會議記錄,(復數)分鐘

 
confusion [kən'fju:ʒən]

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n. 混亂,混淆,不確定狀態

聯想記憶
thirsty ['θə:sti]

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adj. 口渴的,渴望的

 
obvious ['ɔbviəs]

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adj. 明顯的,顯然的

聯想記憶
moist [mɔist]

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adj. 潮濕的,濕潤的
(果物)多汁的

 
confused [kən'fju:zd]

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adj. 困惑的;混亂的;糊涂的 v. 困惑(confu

 
temperature ['tempritʃə(r)]

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n. 溫度,氣溫,體溫,發燒

 
unnecessary [ʌn'nesisəri]

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adj. 不必要的,多余的

 
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